14 Feb 2019
Country focus: IndiaMost travellers have a safe trip, however, there are potential health hazards in India
Most travellers have a safe trip. However, there are potential health hazards in India. Awareness reduces your chance of experiencing problems and helps you manage health issues during travel and after your trip.
Road traffic accidents are common: be aware as a pedestrian, especially when crossing roads and think carefully about transport. Using motorbikes, tuk-tuks or any motorised two/three-wheel vehicles increases your risk of road traffic accidents. Remember road maintenance and driving standards can be very different outside Europe.
Other potential hazards include contaminated food and water, sun, extreme temperatures, air pollution and mosquito spread illnesses like dengue and Zika.
Rabies - a fatal virus spread by contact with animal saliva from any animal is also a risk in India. Dogs are particularly a risk, as they are the animal humans have most contact with, but all animals can carry rabies.
- Avoid contact with animals, regardless of whether you received pre-travel rabies vaccine or not.
- Following a bite, scratch or any potential exposure, wash the wound site, follow immediate first aid advice and seek urgent medical advice, even if the wound/exposure appears trivial.
- Carry your rabies vaccine record in case you get bitten or scratched. If post-exposure treatment is not available locally, you will need to travel to a city or may need to return home.
If you become ill in the weeks/months following your trip, particularly with fever, flu-like symptoms and diarrhoea, get urgent medical help. Remember to tell your doctor you travelled abroad.