19 Nov 2015

Dengue: Egypt

An outbreak of Dengue has been reported in the Dayrout District of Assiut Governorate Dengue: Egypt

On 27 October 2015, Egypt notified the World Health Organization (WHO) of an outbreak of dengue in the Dayrout District of Assiut Governorate. Between 1 and 31 October 2015, a total of 253 suspected cases were reported. Dengue virus type 1 was confirmed in 28 of 118 tested. [1].

Aedes aegypti mosquitoes that transmit dengue are present in Egypt. Dengue has been previously reported in Egypt, although not recently [2].

In response to this outbreak, the Ministry of Public Health, Egypt has increased entomological surveillance and implemented vector control measures in the affected villages and surrounding areas [1].

Dengue is a viral infection transmitted through the bite of an infected Aedes mosquito. Although most patients with dengue will recover spontaneously, a small number of patients will develop more severe life-threatening forms of the disease. Dengue is common in the tropics including the Caribbean, South and Central America, Africa, SE Asia, the Indian sub-continent and the Pacific Islands.

Advice for travellers

Individuals travelling to Egypt can reduce their risk of acquiring dengue by taking precautions to minimise mosquito bites. Particular vigilance with bite precautions should be taken around dawn and dusk, when the mosquitos that transmit dengue are most active. There is no vaccine to prevent dengue. More information about mosquito bite avoidance is available on our insect and tick bite avoidance factsheet.

Advice for health professionals

Health professionals who suspect a case of dengue should send appropriate samples for testing (with full travel and clinical history) to the Public Health England, Rare and Imported Pathogens Laboratory.

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